Not everyone has the same SAD symptoms as they tend to mirror the most common depression symptoms. These include relationship and other social problems, feelings of constant worry, guilt, sadness and hopelessness, irritability, longing for solitude, weight gain, desire to sleep more and fatigue, concentration disorder and overall feeling like your energy has been drained.
SAD or seasonal affective disorder is a commonly known type of depression and it is related to season changes most of the time. It happens mostly during autumn and winter but rarely, it can occur during summer or spring.
what exactly causes?
No one can say exactly what causes SAD. However, most specialists and experts share a belief that it might be related to hormonal changes that take place in the brain. Seratonin is a brain chemical that mostly affects your mood and when the weather changes in winter, it affects your mood. It also affects your sleep because the same happens with your melatonin level.
When these two brain chemicals drop, your energy level drops too. What the experts do know for sure is that SAD usually relates to people in young adulthood, mostly women and it is typical for countries with less sunshine during the year.
So far, experts have agreed about the best three methods that show the most results in treating SAD. These three types of treatment may include counseling, antidepressant medications and light therapy. The types are in this particular order because that is how the experts recommend starting treating it.
First, one must determine the symptoms. If the symptoms persist on a daily basis, the first step is to seek professional help and talk to a doctor or a psychologist. If neglected, SAD can lead to more serious problems, so due to any symptoms, the treatment is absolutely necessary.
Talking to a doctor is to determine the seriousness of your condition and if further treatment is necessary. If it is, the next steps are medications and eventually light therapy. This therapy is good because the light can actually change the chemicals in your brain.
That affects the mood and it can be extremely helpful. If the symptoms don’t persist, going outside more often during the daylight can also be very helpful as well as improved diet and appetite.